1.Depending on your project, please take into consideration all the stages: planning, projecting, obtaining an authorization based on the town planning certificate if necessary, site plan, and technical report.
02. Recommendations for building the foundation
2.In case you didn’t build a foundation we recommend doing according to the project subjected to authorization and to meet all the technical conditions required according to the law and building standards.
03. Reinforcing the foundation
After the leveling concrete has been poured, carry out the reinforcement. The foundation reinforcement is made of 4 steel bars with a diameter of Ø12mm, connected to each other with 30×30 cm and Ø8 mm diameter reinforcement steel squares.
The pillar reinforcement is linked to the foundation reinforcement whiskers which must be at the minimum height of 90 cm being made of 4 steel bars with a Ø12 mm diameter, connected to each other with 15×15 cm and Ø6 mm diameter reinforcement steel squares.
04. Waterproofing between the foundation and Travertstone Block masonry elements
We recommend using a waterproofing membrane fixed with elastic adhesive which eliminates all possibilities of any future fissures in the masonry and to furthermore prevent water infiltration and the appearance of efflorescence, mold, and of other stains on the surface of the product. We recommend using the waterproofing membrane called IDEAL DRY 80 developed by STAR STONE.
05. Installing the waterproof membrane
1.Check the status of the foundation and clean the surface, then apply C2TE type flexible adhesive using a 2-4 mm serrated grouter, on as small as possible surfaces in order to prevent the premature drying of the adhesive.
Spread the membrane using a grouter, making sure all air bubbles are removed and evenly spread in order to completely stick to the support.
We recommend avoinding applying the membrane on a semi-hardened or hardened layer of adhesive.
We recommend checking the surface`s flatness with a bubble level.
06. Checking and Positioning
Position the blocks one by one in the reinforcement of all pillars from a building section. With the help of a masonry string align all the blocks with the pillars. Mark their centre and masonry axes
Make sure the distance between the pillars follows the initial design and that it is a multiple of 20 cm in order to avoid unjustified cutting and to align the interval blocks perfectly.
Mark the positions in which the concrete reinforcement will enter the fence block.
Lift the first block and cut the previously marked spot with the help of a diamond bladed circular saw.
Reinsert the block through the reinforcement and secure it with adhesive, using plastic leveling wedges for a vertical and horizontal flatness keeping the previously traced axes.
We recommend checking the surface`s horizontal and vertical flatness with a bubble level.
07. Installing the masonry elements
Install the masonry elements using plastic leveling wedges for a vertical and horizontal flatness keeping the previous axes.
To ensure the most resistant connection between the masonry and the pillar element, we recommend installing the first masonry element from the Traverstone Block 20×20 cm. Continue installing the 40×20 masonry elements so that there aren’t any gaps and make sure they are secured to the pillar elements.
Depending on the length of the masonry section we recommend installing a 20×20 piece as the final layer for a harmonious surface.
Continue installing the first layer of pillar and masonry pieces until finishing the sector, according to the previous recommendations to ensure the horizontal and vertical flatness keeping the previously traced axes.
Lay the *8-12 mm concrete reinforcing iron in specially designed places and make sure the hooks connect to the interior reinforcement of the pillar element. Lock the two elements together using a soft wire.
After the adhesive has dried fill the first layer of the entire masonry section until reaching the concrete reinforcing iron with C200 or C250 concrete.
Continue installing the next rows of pillar and masonry elements until finishing the proposed sector according to previous recommendations for a vertical and horizontal flatness keeping the previously traced axes.
Fill each section of the masonry with concrete one by one to ensure a damp bond between the rows to obtain a reinforced one piece compound. If the damp bound between the rows is not possible make sure that that is replaced with concrete iron elements placed vertically in the fresh concrete to connect them.
To ensure a harmonious surface and the strongest possible masonry bond we recommend installing the Traverstone Blocks in a stretcher bond (brick-like ) pattern.
We recommend removing any excess cement or concrete immediately with the help of a brush or a strong water jet, until its fully removed.
08. Installing the fence accessories
To ensure your project`s longevity, weather protection, avoidance of leakages, and achievement of your desired aesthetic, we recommend using the specially designed fence accessories.
Begin with the pillars.
Check the condition of the pillar and clean its surface, following up with applying white C2TE type flexible adhesive with a serrated grout of 2-4 mm. Remove the excess concrete iron if necessary using a continuous diamond bladed circular saw.
Depending on the previously established configuration, install the chapiter, and then the cap which matches the pillar.
Make sure they are centered, horizontally and vertically flat, keeping the previously traced axes.
09. Installing the interval cap
Clean the surface and check the masonry interval caps`flatness. Apply a layer of white flexible C2TE type adhesive on the masonry and cap using a serrated grouter of 2-4 mm.
Use 5 mm spacers to ensure expansion / shrinkage during winter – summer and ensure tightness between the elements
Before grouting protect the edges of the interval caps using paper tape to avoid staining and damaging the texture of the product.
Using a grouter fill up the joints between the elements using an outdoor joint kit recommended for your needed thickness.
We recommend a grouting kit with a depth of at least 10 mm and using a colour similar to that of the grouted surface.